Field Operation


People in Yemen face diverse, widespread and in some areas, acute protection needs that continue to outstrip response capacities. Multiple and specialized protection services continue to be needed and requested. Civilians remain exposed to protection risks in connection with the impact of nine years of conflict and the long-term consequences of the crisis. Years of hostilities have resulted in increased explosive hazards contamination that continue to threaten the lives of civilians and the safe return of IDPs. Protracted hostilities have led to the disruption of services, community safety nets and the disruption of rule of law institutions. The social and economic effects of the crisis continue to lead to situations where families and individuals are faced with very limited options in their struggle to survive, often compelling households to resort to harmful coping strategies such as child labour, early or forced marriage, and begging. Spontaneous returns of IDPs have been reported in 2023, however, the conditions to which they are returning are frequently difficult and people returning find many of the same issues and challenges as when they had been displaced.


Protection Issues

Active hostilities, coupled by shelling and air strikes, ofen in populated areas, continue to harm civilians and cause widespread damage to civilian homes and infrastructure, including schools, hospitals, IDP sites and water and sanitation facilities. Explosive remnants of war persist to impede freedom of movement as well as to kill and injure civilians.


Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Yemen targets conflict-affected people impacted by conflict and climate-related displacement found to be in vulnerable situations due to the ongoing humanitarian situation. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) AoR, and the Mine Action (MA) AoR. The Protection Cluster is led by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).

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Protection Cluster Team

Yasmine Elbehiery

UNHCR (UN agency)

Joshua Orawo Onong'no

Norwegian Refugee Council (INGO)

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