Conflict, climatic shocks, natural disaster, and forced eviction are the major drivers of displacement that have led to a complex and protracted humanitarian crisis in Somalia. In 2021, a total of 874,000 individuals were displaced across Somalia.
The protection environment in Somalia is characterized by lack of basic services and access challenges to people in need. The legal and policy frameworks in place are stalled by weak judicial and law enforcement institutions. This is coupled with an overall lack of public awareness on basic rights, that is exacerbated by displacement and structural discrimination based on gender, ability, and clan affiliation.
The Protection Cluster in Somalia recently published its Protection Analysis Update which outlines prevalent protection risks such as forced and climate-induced displacement; child marriage; gender-base violence; forced family separation; destruction of property; IDPs forced evictions and concerns regarding the protection of civilians.