The Protection Monitoring Work Group (PROMO) Protection Monitoring System (PMS) Analysis provides a monthly snapshot designed to supplement the monthly statistical report. This analysis offers a comprehensive examination of the data and information gathered, including insights from Key Informant Interviews conducted through the PMS. The primary objective of this analysis is to inform stakeholders involved in the humanitarian response in South Sudan about protection-related findings, advocacy efforts, and essential messages presented by the Protection Cluster.
Since the onset of the armed conflict in Khartoum on April 15, there has been a significant increase in the number of people fleeing Sudan. South Sudanese authorities have identified multiple border entry points along the border, and humanitarian actors are establishing transit facilities to accommodate arriving South Sudanese returnees, refugees, asylum seekers, and third-country nationals.
With the endorsement of the South Sudanese Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (RRC), UNHCR and IOM collect and analyze data at various Points of Entry, where different population groups are arriving in South Sudan. By the end of May, nearly 100,000 people had crossed the border seeking safety, with 93% of them being South Sudanese nationals. It is important to note that these figures only represent individuals identified by humanitarian actors at the border, and the actual numbers are likely higher than reported.
The arrival of thousands of people is exacerbating the already critical humanitarian situation in South Sudan, as 75% of the country's population is grappling with the impacts of conflict, endemic violence, climatic shocks such as flooding and localized drought, and food insecurity.