GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
Over the course of 2021, the security situation in Mozambique, especially in the northern region, has been deteriorating rapidly. It is estimated that at least 1.5 million people in northern Mozambique will require humanitarian and protection assistance owing to the deepening armed conflict and violence in the Cabo Delgado Province. Mozambique also experiences erratic rainfall causing drought and flooding and destructive cyclones. The armed conflict heightens experiences of climate shocks and food insecurity and malnutrition. Essential services are heavily compromised by the increasing violence and civilians are left to their own means. Although protection risks remain high the capacities of individuals and local agencies to encounter these risks remain limited.
While all IDPs are vulnerable during an emergency, certain groups such as women, children, older persons, persons living with HIV/AIDS and people with disabilities face heightened protection risks and have specific protection needs. More than half of the people affected by violence in Cabo Delgado are children and protection concerns, including recruitment of children into armed groups, kidnappings, sexual and Gender-Based Violence against women and girls, abuse of power by military, loss of personal documentation, issues related to land and property rights have been widely reported.
The Protection Cluster in Mozambique was established in 2019 to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters.The cluster continuous to operate in the country and has now two active coordination hubs in Maputo (national) and Pemba (Cabo Delgado) and a Protection Working Group in Nampula. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR). The Protection Cluster is led and coordinated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).