GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
Since 2018, political competition over power, land and other resources, exposed deeper ethnic and regional rivalries in Ethiopia. The relations of the central Government and self-administered regions are strained, ethnic groups and regional powers are striving for more control at the national level ethnic groups living in regions dominated by an ethnic majority live with deep grievances. These tensions surface as violence, exacerbation of existing conflicts and even as a full-fledged internal war, as is the case in the northern region. The effects of conflict and inter-communal violence are further exacerbated by climate shocks, including erratic rainfall and devastating droughts, affecting the livelihoods of people. The active conflict setting has also restricted the movement of humanitarian and protection actors to access vulnerable communities and offer relief and services.
Key protection concerns faced by Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and other affected populations in Ethiopia include sexual and gender based violence, physical violence, child marriage, family separation (including unaccompanied and separated children), psycho-social distress and trauma, persons with specific needs not receiving or being able to access life-saving services, persons without adequate shelter and living in collective sites, persons missing documentation and having no legal redress for lost property, livelihood or human rights violations. The priority protection risks identified in Ethiopia include:
The Ethiopia Protection Cluster was activated in 2008 to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Child-Protection (CP) and Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Areas of Responsibility (AoR), co-led by UNICEF, UNFPA and the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MoWCA); the Housing, Land and Property Working Group (HLP WG), co-led by UNHCR and NRC, and the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) lead by (UNMAS).