GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
There is grave political instability in Sudan. Since January 2022, civilians have been protesting and engaging in civil disobedience as a response to the end of civilian rule and the resignation of Sudan’s Prime Minister. Arbitrary arrests, detention of civilians and activists, violence against civilians continue with impunity as State institutions and law enforcement entities have severe capacity constraints. The deteriorating security situation interrupts access to markets and income-earning opportunities. Higher prices, supply shortages of basic goods such as medicine, wheat, fuel and agricultural inputs are drastically deepening the population’s overall vulnerability. Displacement rates are high in the country and internally-displaced persons are at increased risks within shelter camps, often forcing them into second-displacement as well. Protection and humanitarian actors often find it difficult to reach certain locations due to the proliferation of arms and constant threats of violence.
Sudan’s incomplete and fragmented political transition happened simultaneously with the departure of UN aid agencies. The general political vacuum has since been filled with lawlessness, armed conflict, criminal activity and gross human rights violations. West and North Darfar are the hotspots of the crisis in Sudan, the levels of violence unseen since the mid-2000s. New areas, such as South Kordofan and Blue Nile States, are also witnessed rising levels of violence. Access to justice and government social protection remain weak and shelter sites for internally displaced persons are dangerously close to areas of violence.
The Protection Cluster in Sudan was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) and a Housing, Land, and Property Area of Responisbility (HLP AoR). The Protection Cluster is led and co-coordinated by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).