Field Operation


Displacement remains persistently high in North-East Nigeria, as the conflict between the Government of Nigeria (GoN) and Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs) continues, with a total of about 2.2 million displaced people in the States of Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe (‘BAY states’) in 2023. Significant challenges remain in finding solutions to displacement for the affected population across the BAY states on all internationally recognized benchmarks. 

This is especially relevant with the closure of all IDP camps in Maiduguri by the Borno State Government (BSG) and their prioritization of the population’s relocation into Local Government Areas (LGAs), some that remain insecure, without taking the affected population’s informed and voluntary decisions into consideration, as required by international standards. This has led to the affected displaced population continuing to experience specific humanitarian assistance and protection needs and facing serious protection risks, undermining their ability to enjoy their human rights without discrimination.


Protection Issues

​​​​​​Key protection risks include presence of mines and other explosive ordnance, theft, extortion, eviction or destruction of personal property, attacks on civilians, and denial of resources, opportunities and assistance.


Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Nigeria works to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and the Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) Area of Responsibility (AoR). The Protection Cluster is lead by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).

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Protection Cluster Team

Ramsey Bryant

UNHCR (UN agency)

Ali Maimadu Barma

Information Management Officer

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