Internal Displacement – 2018 Global Figures

The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) recorded 28 million new displacements associated with conflict, generalised violence and disasters across the world in 2018. Internal displacement is a global challenge but it is also heavily concentrated in a few countries and triggered by few events; nine countries recorded more than one million new displacements in 2018.

New displacements – conflict and violence

Unresolved conflicts in the DRC and Syria, and a rise in communal violence in Ethiopia, Cameroon and Nigeria’s Middle Belt were responsible for most of the 10.8 million new displacements associated with conflict and violence in 2018.

Internally displaced people (IDPs) who tried to return to their homes in Iraq, Nigeria and Syria during the year found their property destroyed, infrastructure damaged and basic services non-existent.


New displacements – disasters

Weather-related hazards, particularly storms, accounted for most of the new displacement associated with disasters in 2018, triggering 17.2 million displacements. The Philippines, China and India between them accounted for around 60 per cent of all new displacements, mostly in the form of evacuations.


Total headcount – Conflict and violence (The cumulative figure)

A record 41.3 million people were living in internal displacement due to conflict and violence as of the end of 2018, nearly two-thirds more than the global number of refugees. This is the result of years of cyclical and protracted displacement in countries like the DRC, Syria and Colombia, and new waves of violence. An unknown number of people remain displaced as a result of disasters, making this figure a significant underestimate.