Field Operation


Since 2017, Colombia has experienced a gradual deterioration of the humanitarian situation in country due to the confluence of multiple crises: the resurgence of the internal armed conflict and new dynamics of violence against the civilian population, the arrival of refugees and migrants from Venezuela and mixed movements of other nationalities, and an increase in the frequency and severity of disasters and climate change.

Norte de Santander is a department located in a border region with Venezuela, where the dispute between non-state armed groups, mainly in the Catatumbo subregion, continues to pose protection risks for communities due to the persistence of the internal armed conflict. Currently, these situations challenge the state's ability to ensure the protection of the population's rights, a situation exacerbated by numerous restrictions on humanitarian access faced by local and international organizations implementing protection activities in the territory.

Nariño also continues to be one of the epicentres of the internal armed conflict in Colombia. Given its geographic location, the department has a strategic position for illegal armed actors who fight for territorial control and the control of illicit economies, causing serious humanitarian consequences for the civilian population.


Protection Issues

Key protection issues in Colombia include violence, threat and homicides; forced displacement and confinement; gender-based violence, including sexual violence and exploitation; child recruitment; presence of mines and trafficking in persons. 


Cluster Operation

The Protection Cluster in Colombia works to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), and the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR). The Protection Cluster is led by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Danish Refugee Council (DRC).

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Protection Cluster Team

Joan Sebastian Diaz Parra

UNHCR (UN agency)

Djouna Vodoz

Danish Refugee Council (INGO)

Daniela Sánchez Marín

Information Management Officer
Norwegian Refugee Council (INGO)

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