GPC Operations Cell: gpc[at]unhcr.org
Gender-Based Violence: chase[at]unfpa.org
Child Protection: rpouwels[at]unicef.org
Housing, Land and Property: jim.robinson[at]nrc.no
Mine Action: unmasgeneva[at]un.org
The humanitarian impact of the Syria crisis continues to reverberate across the country and the wider region. Most immediately, the crisis has left millions of people facing a daily struggle to survive amidst pervasive threats to their lives, security, well-being, and dignity. Various forms of violence permeates daily life, particularly affecting women and children. At the same time, prolonged conflict and widespread displacement continues to tear apart the social and economic fabric of Syria, compounding immediate suffering and compromising Syria’s long-term future. So far, no substantial progress has been made in finding a credible political solution, and Syria has been torn by multiple and overlapping Non-International Armed Conflicts (NIACs) and International Armed Conflicts (IACs).
The combined violence and effects are plunging the civilian population into a catastrophic spiral of conflict and complete erosion of livelihoods, resources and opportunities. The conflict in Syria remains multi-faceted and multi-fronted, between different State and non-State actors and involving a multitude of different regional and international actors. Despite a general lessening in large-scale hostilities and a “freezing” of frontlines since March 2020, the civilian population still lives in a highly fluctuating environment, characterized by insecurity, human rights abuses and violations, localized escalation of hostilities and general hindrance to any mean of minimum subsistence.
More than ten years of crisis have inflicted immense suffering on the civilian population who have experienced massive and systematic violations of international humanitarian and human rights law. While the March 2020 Idleb ceasefire agreement led to an overall reduction in hostilities and large-scale displacement, conflict has intensified throughout 2021 along frontlines that have not shifted significantly since 2020 and is driving humanitarian needs to a significant extent. Political division, exclusion and the lack of access to justice mechanisms have continued to disenfranchise people and to limit their ability to address their needs in a sustainable manner. The humanitarian response is systematically challenged by impediments and restrictions.
The Protection Cluster in Syria was activated in XXX to ensure the coordination of protection interventions in emergencies and to respond to the protection needs of persons affected by conflict and disasters. It is composed of the Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Child Protection (CP) Area of Responsibility (AoR), the Mine Action (MA) Area of Responsibility (AoR) and a Housing, Land, and Property Task Force (HLP TF). The Protection Cluster is led by the United Nation High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and co-coordinated by the International Rescue Committee (IRC).